Russia submitted its own draft resolution on Venezuela to the UN Security Council (UNSC), supporting Maduro’s leadership and proposing the “Montevideo mechanism” as a solution to the complex political situation.
The draft also relayed concern at the
heightened possibility to use force against Venezuela and meddle in the
country’s domestic affairs.
The Montevideo mechanism which was
agreed upon by the governments of Mexico, Uruguay and Caribbean community
(CARICOM), aims to settle the Venezuelan political crisis through “dialogue for
a negotiation, from a position of respect for International Law and Human
This entails a four phased process –
dialogue phase, negotiation phase, commitments phase and implementation phase.
The signatory countries strongly
adhere to the principles of diplomacy and desire to resolve the Venezuelan
Meanwhile, the United States
government in support of opposition leader Juan Guaido, sent a draft resolution
to UNSC calling for new presidential elections in Venezuela.
The U.S. draft urged “the
peaceful restoration of democracy” in Venezuela, “free, fair, and
credible” presidential elections, and unobstructed delivery of
humanitarian aid to all Venezuelans in need.
President Donald Trump has said that
in dealing with Venezuela, Washington is open to all options.
However, the United Nations and the
Red Cross urged the United States to cease from politicizing humanitarian aid
and providing assistance without the consent of the Venezuelan authorities.
Maduro has blocked aid deliveries
from the United Sates, claiming that they are part of a plot by Washington to
remove him from office.
The U.S and 50 other countries have
recognized Guaido as the interim president of the Venezuela, while Russia,
China, Cuba, Bolivia and a number of other states have voiced out their support
Mexico and Uruguay
declared neutrality and refused to recognize Guaido’s presidency.
A resolution needs nine votes to pass
the 15-member Council and no vetoes by the permanent members — the United
States, Russia, China, France, and Britain.